Predictive modeling with deep learning is a skill that modern developers need to know. PyTorch is the premier open-source deep learning framework developed and maintained by Facebook. At its core, PyTorch is a mathematical library that allows you to perform efficient computation and automatic differentiation on graph-based models. Achieving this directly is challenging, although thankfully, […]

# Archive | Deep Learning

## Neural Networks are Function Approximation Algorithms

Supervised learning in machine learning can be described in terms of function approximation. Given a dataset comprised of inputs and outputs, we assume that there is an unknown underlying function that is consistent in mapping inputs to outputs in the target domain and resulted in the dataset. We then use supervised learning algorithms to approximate […]

## TensorFlow 2 Tutorial: Get Started in Deep Learning With tf.keras

Predictive modeling with deep learning is a skill that modern developers need to know. TensorFlow is the premier open-source deep learning framework developed and maintained by Google. Although using TensorFlow directly can be challenging, the modern tf.keras API beings the simplicity and ease of use of Keras to the TensorFlow project. Using tf.keras allows you […]

## What is Deep Learning?

Deep Learning is a subfield of machine learning concerned with algorithms inspired by the structure and function of the brain called artificial neural networks. If you are just starting out in the field of deep learning or you had some experience with neural networks some time ago, you may be confused. I know I was confused […]

## Your First Deep Learning Project in Python with Keras Step-By-Step

Keras is a powerful and easy-to-use free open source Python library for developing and evaluating deep learning models. It wraps the efficient numerical computation libraries Theano and TensorFlow and allows you to define and train neural network models in just a few lines of code. In this tutorial, you will discover how to create your […]

## How to Save and Load Your Keras Deep Learning Model

Keras is a simple and powerful Python library for deep learning. Given that deep learning models can take hours, days and even weeks to train, it is important to know how to save and load them from disk. In this post, you will discover how you can save your Keras models to file and load them […]

## How to Calculate Precision, Recall, F1, and More for Deep Learning Models

Once you fit a deep learning neural network model, you must evaluate its performance on a test dataset. This is critical, as the reported performance allows you to both choose between candidate models and to communicate to stakeholders about how good the model is at solving the problem. The Keras deep learning API model is […]

## 3 Levels of Deep Learning Competence

Deep learning is not a magic bullet, but the techniques have shown to be highly effective in a large number of very challenging problem domains. This means that there is a ton of demand by businesses for effective deep learning practitioners. The problem is, how can the average business differentiate between good and bad practitioners? […]

## Practical Deep Learning for Coders (Review)

Practical deep learning is a challenging subject in which to get started. It is often taught in a bottom-up manner, requiring that you first get familiar with linear algebra, calculus, and mathematical optimization before eventually learning the neural network techniques. This can take years, and most of the background theory will not help you to […]

## Why Initialize a Neural Network with Random Weights?

The weights of artificial neural networks must be initialized to small random numbers. This is because this is an expectation of the stochastic optimization algorithm used to train the model, called stochastic gradient descent. To understand this approach to problem solving, you must first understand the role of nondeterministic and randomized algorithms as well as […]