Multi-label classification involves predicting zero or more class labels. Unlike normal classification tasks where class labels are mutually exclusive, multi-label classification requires specialized machine learning algorithms that support predicting multiple mutually non-exclusive classes or “labels.” Deep learning neural networks are an example of an algorithm that natively supports multi-label classification problems. Neural network models for […]

# Archive | Deep Learning

## Deep Learning Models for Multi-Output Regression

Multi-output regression involves predicting two or more numerical variables. Unlike normal regression where a single value is predicted for each sample, multi-output regression requires specialized machine learning algorithms that support outputting multiple variables for each prediction. Deep learning neural networks are an example of an algorithm that natively supports multi-output regression problems. Neural network models […]

## PyTorch Tutorial: How to Develop Deep Learning Models with Python

Predictive modeling with deep learning is a skill that modern developers need to know. PyTorch is the premier open-source deep learning framework developed and maintained by Facebook. At its core, PyTorch is a mathematical library that allows you to perform efficient computation and automatic differentiation on graph-based models. Achieving this directly is challenging, although thankfully, […]

## Neural Networks are Function Approximation Algorithms

Supervised learning in machine learning can be described in terms of function approximation. Given a dataset comprised of inputs and outputs, we assume that there is an unknown underlying function that is consistent in mapping inputs to outputs in the target domain and resulted in the dataset. We then use supervised learning algorithms to approximate […]

## TensorFlow 2 Tutorial: Get Started in Deep Learning With tf.keras

Predictive modeling with deep learning is a skill that modern developers need to know. TensorFlow is the premier open-source deep learning framework developed and maintained by Google. Although using TensorFlow directly can be challenging, the modern tf.keras API beings the simplicity and ease of use of Keras to the TensorFlow project. Using tf.keras allows you […]

## 3 Ways to Encode Categorical Variables for Deep Learning

Machine learning and deep learning models, like those in Keras, require all input and output variables to be numeric. This means that if your data contains categorical data, you must encode it to numbers before you can fit and evaluate a model. The two most popular techniques are an integer encoding and a one hot […]

## What is Deep Learning?

Deep Learning is a subfield of machine learning concerned with algorithms inspired by the structure and function of the brain called artificial neural networks. If you are just starting out in the field of deep learning or you had some experience with neural networks some time ago, you may be confused. I know I was confused […]

## Your First Deep Learning Project in Python with Keras Step-By-Step

Keras is a powerful and easy-to-use free open source Python library for developing and evaluating deep learning models. It wraps the efficient numerical computation libraries Theano and TensorFlow and allows you to define and train neural network models in just a few lines of code. In this tutorial, you will discover how to create your […]

## How to Save and Load Your Keras Deep Learning Model

Keras is a simple and powerful Python library for deep learning. Given that deep learning models can take hours, days and even weeks to train, it is important to know how to save and load them from disk. In this post, you will discover how you can save your Keras models to file and load them […]

## How to Calculate Precision, Recall, F1, and More for Deep Learning Models

Once you fit a deep learning neural network model, you must evaluate its performance on a test dataset. This is critical, as the reported performance allows you to both choose between candidate models and to communicate to stakeholders about how good the model is at solving the problem. The Keras deep learning API model is […]