Archive | Statistical Methods

A Gentle Introduction to Critical Values for Statistical Hypothesis Testing

How to Calculate Critical Values for Statistical Hypothesis Testing with Python

In is common, if not standard, to interpret the results of statistical hypothesis tests using a p-value. Not all implementations of statistical tests return p-values. In some cases, you must use alternatives, such as critical values. In addition, critical values are used when estimating the expected intervals for observations from a population, such as in […]

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Line Plot of the Chi-Squared Probability Density Function

A Gentle Introduction to Statistical Data Distributions

A sample of data will form a distribution, and by far the most well-known distribution is the Gaussian distribution, often called the Normal distribution. The distribution provides a parameterized mathematical function that can be used to calculate the probability for any individual observation from the sample space. This distribution describes the grouping or the density […]

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Scatter Plot of Dataset With Linear Model and Prediction Interval

Prediction Intervals for Machine Learning

A prediction from a machine learning perspective is a single point that hides the uncertainty of that prediction. Prediction intervals provide a way to quantify and communicate the uncertainty in a prediction. They are different from confidence intervals that instead seek to quantify the uncertainty in a population parameter such as a mean or standard […]

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