Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) is a type of recurrent neural network that can learn the order dependence between items in a sequence. LSTMs have the promise of being able to learn the context required to make predictions in time series forecasting problems, rather than having this context pre-specified and fixed. Given the promise, there is […]

# Search results for "Long Short Term Memory Network"

## A Gentle Introduction to Long Short-Term Memory Networks by the Experts

Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks are a type of recurrent neural network capable of learning order dependence in sequence prediction problems. This is a behavior required in complex problem domains like machine translation, speech recognition, and more. LSTMs are a complex area of deep learning. It can be hard to get your hands around what […]

## Demonstration of Memory with a Long Short-Term Memory Network in Python

Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks are a type of recurrent neural network capable of learning over long sequences. This differentiates them from regular multilayer neural networks that do not have memory and can only learn a mapping between input and output patterns. It is important to understand the capabilities of complex neural networks like LSTMs […]

## Time Series Forecasting with the Long Short-Term Memory Network in Python

The Long Short-Term Memory recurrent neural network has the promise of learning long sequences of observations. It seems a perfect match for time series forecasting, and in fact, it may be. In this tutorial, you will discover how to develop an LSTM forecast model for a one-step univariate time series forecasting problem. After completing this […]

## How to Choose Loss Functions When Training Deep Learning Neural Networks

Deep learning neural networks are trained using the stochastic gradient descent optimization algorithm. As part of the optimization algorithm, the error for the current state of the model must be estimated repeatedly. This requires the choice of an error function, conventionally called a loss function, that can be used to estimate the loss of the […]

## How to Control the Stability of Training Neural Networks With the Batch Size

Neural networks are trained using gradient descent where the estimate of the error used to update the weights is calculated based on a subset of the training dataset. The number of examples from the training dataset used in the estimate of the error gradient is called the batch size and is an important hyperparameter that […]

## A Gentle Introduction to Dropout for Regularizing Deep Neural Networks

Deep learning neural networks are likely to quickly overfit a training dataset with few examples. Ensembles of neural networks with different model configurations are known to reduce overfitting, but require the additional computational expense of training and maintaining multiple models. A single model can be used to simulate having a large number of different network […]

## Convolutional Neural Networks for Multi-Step Time Series Forecasting

Given the rise of smart electricity meters and the wide adoption of electricity generation technology like solar panels, there is a wealth of electricity usage data available. This data represents a multivariate time series of power-related variables that in turn could be used to model and even forecast future electricity consumption. Unlike other machine learning […]

## 1D Convolutional Neural Network Models for Human Activity Recognition

Human activity recognition is the problem of classifying sequences of accelerometer data recorded by specialized harnesses or smart phones into known well-defined movements. Classical approaches to the problem involve hand crafting features from the time series data based on fixed-sized windows and training machine learning models, such as ensembles of decision trees. The difficulty is […]

## When to Use MLP, CNN, and RNN Neural Networks

What neural network is appropriate for your predictive modeling problem? It can be difficult for a beginner to the field of deep learning to know what type of network to use. There are so many types of networks to choose from and new methods being published and discussed every day. To make things worse, most […]