Probabilistic inference involves estimating an expected value or density using a probabilistic model. Often, directly inferring values is not tractable with probabilistic models, and instead, approximation methods must be used. Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling provides a class of algorithms for systematic random sampling from high-dimensional probability distributions. Unlike Monte Carlo sampling methods that are […]

# Search results for "Block Chain"

## Iterative Imputation for Missing Values in Machine Learning

Datasets may have missing values, and this can cause problems for many machine learning algorithms. As such, it is good practice to identify and replace missing values for each column in your input data prior to modeling your prediction task. This is called missing data imputation, or imputing for short. A sophisticated approach involves defining […]

## SMOTE for Imbalanced Classification with Python

Imbalanced classification involves developing predictive models on classification datasets that have a severe class imbalance. The challenge of working with imbalanced datasets is that most machine learning techniques will ignore, and in turn have poor performance on, the minority class, although typically it is performance on the minority class that is most important. One approach […]

## A Gentle Introduction to the Bayes Optimal Classifier

The Bayes Optimal Classifier is a probabilistic model that makes the most probable prediction for a new example. It is described using the Bayes Theorem that provides a principled way for calculating a conditional probability. It is also closely related to the Maximum a Posteriori: a probabilistic framework referred to as MAP that finds the […]

## A Gentle Introduction to Joint, Marginal, and Conditional Probability

Probability quantifies the uncertainty of the outcomes of a random variable. It is relatively easy to understand and compute the probability for a single variable. Nevertheless, in machine learning, we often have many random variables that interact in often complex and unknown ways. There are specific techniques that can be used to quantify the probability […]

## 8 Books for Getting Started With Computer Vision

Computer vision is a subfield of artificial intelligence concerned with understanding the content of digital images, such as photographs and videos. Deep learning has made impressive inroads on challenging computer vision tasks and makes the promise of further advances. Before diving into the application of deep learning techniques to computer vision, it may be helpful […]

## A Gentle Introduction to the Challenge of Training Deep Learning Neural Network Models

Deep learning neural networks learn a mapping function from inputs to outputs. This is achieved by updating the weights of the network in response to the errors the model makes on the training dataset. Updates are made to continually reduce this error until either a good enough model is found or the learning process gets […]

## Introduction to Matrices and Matrix Arithmetic for Machine Learning

Matrices are a foundational element of linear algebra. Matrices are used throughout the field of machine learning in the description of algorithms and processes such as the input data variable (X) when training an algorithm. In this tutorial, you will discover matrices in linear algebra and how to manipulate them in Python. After completing this […]

## How to Prepare a French-to-English Dataset for Machine Translation

Machine translation is the challenging task of converting text from a source language into coherent and matching text in a target language. Neural machine translation systems such as encoder-decoder recurrent neural networks are achieving state-of-the-art results for machine translation with a single end-to-end system trained directly on source and target language. Standard datasets are required […]

## A Gentle Introduction to RNN Unrolling

Recurrent neural networks are a type of neural network where the outputs from previous time steps are fed as input to the current time step. This creates a network graph or circuit diagram with cycles, which can make it difficult to understand how information moves through the network. In this post, you will discover the […]